傅抱石 Fu Bao Shi

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傅抱石 | Fu Baoshi (1904-1965)

傅抱石出身贫寒,生于江西南昌,祖籍新喻县章塘村,原名长生,13岁时改名瑞麟;17岁时自号“抱石斋主人”,改名为傅抱石。少年时代曾为瓷器店学徒和补伞匠,受清朝山水画家石涛的风格启蒙,1921年考入江西第一师范学校,1933年留学于东京日本帝国美术学校(今武藏野美术大学),1935年7月在中央大学艺术系担任教职,以山水画成名。并致力于美术史和绘画理论的写作,出版过《中国绘画变迁史纲》、《国画源流概述》、《中国古代山水画史研究》。1965年9月29日因脑溢血病逝南京,享年61岁。

1980年代开始,傅抱石的作品因拍卖价高而受到注目,一开始是苏富比在香港以18万港元卖出《湘夫人》。1984年以200万港元卖出《唐人诗意》图。1989年以340万港元卖出《九张机》。

1990年代傅抱石的作品更受欢迎,由拍卖价可看出,1992年以209万港元卖出《杜牧诗意图》。1993年以167万港元卖出《高山仰止》图。1996年《湘夫人》再度以高价1078万港元成交,创下当时中国现代绘画拍卖的最高价位。

位于汉口西路上的傅抱石故居

目前中国南京建有“傅抱石纪念馆”,已1990年10月开幕。

2009年佳士得秋季拍卖:傅抱石作品《杜甫诗意图》(设色纸本,镜框,1944年作,纵208厘米,横59.5厘米)以60,020,000港币(7,780,105美元)成交价夺得全场桂冠,并创傅抱石个人作品拍卖成交最高纪录。

2010年香港佳士得秋季拍卖中,傅抱石的力作《琵琶行》成为最受瞩目的焦点,以7,008万港币成交,刷新纪录。

Fu Baoshi, or Fu Pao-Shih, (1904-1965) was a Chinese painter from Xinyu, Jiangxi Province. He went to Japan to study the History of Oriental Art in the Tokyo School of Fine Arts in 1933. He translated many books from Japanese and carried out his own research. In painting itself, he brought Japanese visual elements to the Chinese ink painting tradition.

He was the Director of the Jiangsu Province Chinese Painting School and a Vice-Chairman of the Federation of Chinese Artists. He also taught in the Art Department of Central University (now Nanjing University).His works of landscape painting employed skillful use of dots and inking methods, creating a new technique encompassing many varieties within traditional rules. He was able to create an old, elegant style through his integration of poetic atmosphere and painting techniques. He has held many personal exhibitions in China and has won favourable comments.

Fu had strong feelings towards the land of China. During his travel to many places, he recorded the splendors of the rivers and mountains, drawing inspiration from nature and becoming the representative landscape painter of his time.

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